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History of Maths

Socrates: 450 - 399 BC
Plato: ~ 424 - 348
Aristotle: 384 - 322 BC

Evariste Galois: 1812 - 1832
Pierre de Fermat: 1601 - 1665
Rene Descartes: 1596 - 1660
Gottfried Leibniz: 1646 - 1716
Euler: 1707 - 1777
Apollonius - C3/2nd BC
Al Khwarizmi: C9th
Omar Khayyam: 1050 - 1123


Okay, so I should be able to learn all these by tomorrow, but these?

The Pythagoreans believed that Mathematics governed the universe, and that
music was essentially mathematical by nature. So they referred to astronomical patterns as being
"The Music of the Spheres"

During the Islamic Renaissance, there was a library in Baghdad now commonly referred to as
'The House of Wisdom'.
Here, during the C9/10th, the process of translating the great classical works from all branches of science.

The Babylonians (~3,000-2,000 BC) were able to observe patterns in the movement of stars, since they had a continuous set of records for ~700 years. These records were kept for astrological rather than astronomical reasons, and led to the discovery of the
'Meton Cycle'

There is evidence of semi-rigorous mathematical methods being used to solve problems, as evidenced by thousands upon thousands of clay tablets discovered!

Set Theory: this became a way of categorising everything, and seemed to be a resolution to the age-old paradoxes of mathematics. Here £ represents 'is an element of'
Russell's paradox of the set N: s£N <=> s£s put paid to all of this.
Is N£N ?
This was a modern retelling of Zeno's story of Achilles and the tortoise.

"God made the integers; all else is the work of man" - Leopold Kronecker

"There is no Royal Road to geometry"
- Euclid to Ptolemy I
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