Quran on the usage of logic in religion
Since you base everything on logic, what evidence can you give me from the Quran
or the Sunnah, which states that everything can be based on logic? Why should
everything appeal to logic to be acceptable? There are so many verses in the
Quran, which are beyond our logic. Why would you accept those and how do you
My simple question to you is this: On what basis does the Qur'an invite a
non-believer to believe in the message of the Qur'an? The answer, according to
the Qur'an, is this:
"Surely, In the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of the
night and the day, in the sailing of the ships through the ocean for the profit
of mankind; in the rain which Allah sends down from the skies, with which He
revives the earth after its death and spreads in it all kinds of animals, in the
change of the winds and the clouds between the sky and the earth that are made
subservient, there are signs for rational people." (2:164)
The expression used towards the end of this verse in Arabic is "liqaumin
ya'qilun", which means those who use their intellect, those who are rational
etc. This verb has been used in the Qur'an at least fifty times. There are
several other verbs which mean much the same thing are in addition to it.
The Qur'an, while giving the rationale of belief in the life hereafter, gives
the following argument:
"What do the disbelievers think? Shall We treat the Muslims as We treat the
guilty? What is the matter with you? What kind of judgement do you make?"
While mentioning one of the proofs of the truthfulness of the claim that
Muhammad, alaihissalaam, is the messenger of Allah, the book of Allah says:
"O Muhammad, you have never read a book before this nor have you ever
transcribed one with your right hand. Had you done either of these, the
quibblers could suspect it." (29:48)
Which human faculty is the above verse appealing to?
The fact of the matter is that the entire message of Islam is primarily
addressed to human intellect. That's why I stress it so much.
In ahadith it is mentioned that "...there are three people whose actions are not
recorded: a lunatic till he is restored to reason, a sleeper till he awakes, and
a boy till he reaches puberty." (Abu Daud) In other words, we responsible to
follow the shari'ah only because we have intellect. The one who doesn't possess
it is not even responsible for his actions.
Source: Renaissance, a monthly Islamic magazine from
Pakistan. Vol.16, No. 2. February 2006. (http://www.renaissance.com.pk/)