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Islamic viewpoint of destiny (Taqdeer)

 

 

Assalam U 'Alaikum

 

There are two catagories of Taqdeer, Mu'allaq and Mubram. Mu'allaq

can be changed by DUA and Sadqa while Mubram cannot be. But this is

also in the knowledge of ALLAH.

 

--- In VU-GROUP@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, Maria Awan <maria_humera@xxxx wrote:

Please explain to me about the Islamic viewpoint of destiny

(Taqdeer).Does it depend on your actions ? Is your future already

decided by Allah ? Please advise... Jazakallah

Answer:

Taqdeer is part of Imaan. It is our belief that everything occurs through the will of Allah Ta'ala and that Allah Ta'ala has the total knowledge of what is going to happen. Allah Ta'ala is the Khaaliq (Creator) of actions and man is the Kaasib (earner) of the actions. Allah Ta'ala created all actions, be it evil or good, and then gave man the choice to choose

one of the two.

In the Hadith, Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) mentioned, 'There is no person from amongst you except that Allah Ta'ala has written (destined) his abode in Jahannam and his abode in Jannah.' They (Sahaaba) asked, 'O' Rasulullah, should we not put our trust on our books, i.e. what has been written for us. And leave out doing actions.' Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied, 'Carry on doing actions. Everything will be made

easy for what it has been created for. As for those who are from the fortunate one's,

then the actions of the fortunate one's will be made easy for him and as for those who are from the deprived one's, the actions of the deprived ones will be made easy for him.' Then, Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) recited the Aayaat, 'As for those who give (Sadaqah) and adopted God-fear, we will make smooth for him the path of ease.' (Mishkaat pg.20; Qadeemi)

Belief in Taqdeer should not spur a person to do evil actions, for example, a person making excuse of Taqdeer says, 'I will just sit and what Taqdeer is written for me will occur. I am not going to do anything.'

This is totally contrary to the teachings of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam). Rather, a person should adopt the plan and means to do something. Thereafter, after the action has been done, the belief of Taqdeer comes in, that whatever happened was through the will of Allah. (Islaahi Khutubaat; Mufti Muhammad Taqi vol.7 pg.207)

In brief, Taqdeer refers to the Absolute knowledge of Allah Ta'ala of everything even before its existence. Since the knowledge of Allah is perfect, everything will take place exactly according to His knowledge, but in the case of human deeds, through the choice of the individual.

And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Q.Will everyone get an equal share of happiness and unhappiness

during life? Or can taqdeer be changed by dua?

Having led a very secure and care free life till my marriage, I had health problems , a very painful pregnancy and a miscarriage at 7th month. Alhamdolillah i have a very supportive husband, but being away from my homecountry and lonely, sometimes makes me think of all the unhapiness people have had to face, and makes me wonder what there is in store for me. Can dua change whatis written in ones taqdeer?

Answer:

Taqdeer refers to the absolute and perfect knowledge of Allah Ta'ala. This knowledge cannot change as it is perfect.

The meaning of the statement, 'Du'aa can change Taqdeer' is this that at times Allah Ta'ala orders the angels to carry out a certain order.

Thereafter, after accepting the Du'aa of a person, Allah Ta'ala changes the instruction given to the angel.

However, as far as the absolute knowledge of Allah Ta'ala is concerned, nothing has changed. Allah Ta'ala knew from beforehand that He will be changing the command given to the angel. Thus, looking at the matter from the side of the angel, fate has changed. Yet, as far as Allah Ta'ala is concerned, nothing has changed. As Muslims, we are required to make Du'aa with full hope and by adopting all the correct means for achieving our desires, and thereafter, be pleased with whatever has decreed by His wisdom.

And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

FATWA DEPT.

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