THE PERIOD OF UMAR FAROOQUE'S CALIPHATE
Translated by Aslam Javed Qasmi
Umar's second journey to Syria
In the hijra of 17 Amirul Mumineen Hazrat Uamar (ra) intended to travel to Syria and Palestine with a team of Muhajir and Ansar (those who migrated and Madinan) sahaba to survey those areas. He was warmly welcomed at Sargh a place near the Syrian boarder by an Muslim army. The chief of army informed him of the plague and he humbly asked him not to proceed ahead. He gathered the muhajireen sahaba specially who had associated with the conquest of Makkah and asked them to give their views. All of them advised him and agreed to return back to Madina immediately except Hazrat Abu Ubaidah Bin Jarrah one among Ashra Mubashshara sahaba (the ten Sahaba who had been given the glad tidings of entering paradise by the prophet). Amirul Mumineen Hazrat Umar announced for the preparation of the return.
Hazrat Abu Ubaidah Bin Jarrah disagreed with the decision and said, “O Umar (ra) do you want to flee from your divine fate”. Amirul Mumineen said, “I am fleeing from one divine destiny to another one, for what so ever happens in the world happens by the permission of Allah alone that's why if Umar goes to Madina back he would go only by His permission. Hazrat Abdur Rahman Bin Auf, another Ashra Mubashshara who had become late in pace reached there and accompanied them. He narrated the hadith of prophet Muhammad (saws) that said, “One would not go to a city where epidemic and infected diseases are spread and one would not flee from the city is surrounded by the same”. Hazrat Umar (ra) thanked Allah too much and said He guided me to Sunnah path, and then all of them returned to Madina .
Later the plague spread furiously across the city. Amirul Mumineen Hazrat Umar (ra) was very upset with regard to the health of Hazrat Abu Ubaidah Bin Jarrah. He wrote asking him to come back to Madina soon and said that he had some special work with him. But Abu Ubaidah (ra) answered that the work was known to him and he would not leave the Islamic troops and would face the situation there. However, more than twenty thousand Muslims including Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra), Hazrat Mu'az Bin Jabal (ra), Hazrat Yazid Bin Sufyan (ra), other mighty sahabah and army officials died in the same plague. Later Hazrat Amr Bin Aas (ra) was appointed the chief of army and he ordered Muslims to be divided into small groups and asked all of them to leave the lower city and climb on the hills and stay there, and by then the Muslims got rid of the wild plague.
Umar's third journey to Syria
When the effect of plague came to an end Hazrat Umar (ra) reached Syria in his third and final journey to provide relief and encourage people. He arranged facilities to wipe out the traces of epidemic. He distributed the inheritances between the heirs of diseased people as well as appointed appropriate persons in empty posts of army and other offices. He carefully handled the systems of administration and governance to make the place secure from any other aggression or war. The Romans could not get a chance to attack on the Islamic kingdom and regain the areas had fallen under its reign.
Hazrat Mu'aviah Bin Abu Sufiyan (ra) was appointed a governor of Damascus in the place of his brother Hazrat Yazid Bin Mu'avia (ra). He remained there for forty years and gave no chance for Romans to see their dream true. On the same occasion on the appeal of people Hazrat Umar (ra) asked to Bilal (ra) call Azan, and on hearing the words of Azan by the voice of Bilal (ra) sabahah recalled the era of prophet Muhammad (saws) and wept much and even Umar (ra) could not control himself and became lachrymose.
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