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Beyond belief

Robin Yassin-Kassab's ambitious debut of faith and faithlessness, The Road From Damascus, impresses Maya Jaggi

Saturday June 14, 2008
The Guardian

The Road from Damascus by Robin Yassin-Kassab
Buy The Road From Damascus at tthe Guardian bookshop

The Road From Damascus
by Robin Yassin-Kassab
350pp, Hamish Hamilton, £16.99

"Unbelief itself is a religion", says an epigraph to this ambitious and topical debut novel. The words of the 12th-century Sufi sage Ahmad Yasavi, coupled with a Pascal pensée on the limitations of atheism, open a book that satirises a kind of secular fundamentalism that can, it suggests, be as blinding as dogma.

In early 21st-century Damascus, Sami Traifi, a 31-year-old "failed academic and international layabout" born in Britain to Syrian parents, truffles among ancestral roots for a credible thesis for his stalled doctorate. Instead he stumbles on a family secret, an uncle broken by 22 years in a Syrian torture jail. Back in London, Sami's marriage to a teacher, Muntaha, crumbles as the astute, educated daughter of a refugee from Saddam's Iraq resolves to wear a hijab.

Article continues

Trained to despise religion by his late father Mustafa, an Arab nationalist supporter of the crackdown on Syria's Muslim Brotherhood in the 1980s, Sami is already estranged from his mother Nur, whose earlier decision to cover her hair he sees as a betrayal of his dying father's beliefs. Secular humanism, he fears, was an antiquated daydream shared by many modernising Arabs. "The fort had already fallen. In its rubble a marketplace of religion had set up." Yet for all his quoting of great poets, the simplistic nature of Sami's understanding is signalled from the outset. Always, for him, "issues returned to hijabs and beards".

In a crisis of confusion and self-loathing, Sami disappears on a bender, missing his father-in-law's funeral, before a spell in the cells for possessing a spliff prompts a bout of self-cleansing and a "trembling, contingent faith". But his own Damascene conversion in 2001 coincides with September 11 - as we know, with heavy dramatic irony, that it will. Once apprehended for having a rolled-up fiver in his nose, Sami is now caught emerging from a Brick Lane mosque in a beard. With absurd comic logic, the police conclude he has a false identity, since the pious beardie and the coked-up dissolute cannot be one and the same. The agents of the free world are as unable to distinguish between "Wahhabi nihilists" and the harmlessly spiritual as between diverse forms of political Islam.

At the novel's heart are a devastating act of betrayal in the name of secularist progress, and the family reconciliation that comes with Sami's dawning  realisation  that faith is not synonymous with backwardness, nor secularism with humanism. Muntaha, with her hijab and prayers, proves more humane, not least in her treatment of Sami's bereft mother - and is by far the most compelling character. Her loving correction of her Islamist kid brother's know-nothing political posturing is among the most touching scenes.

Yet the attempt to portray a sprawling multicultural London in the vein of White Teeth, from Nur's halal butcher on the Harrow Road to Edgware Road's Arab cafes, is less successful. The first-novel impulse to chuck everything in threatens to swamp the plot. While hip-hop Islamism and a university riot over a subcontinental anti-religious provocateur are richly germane, excursions into "reclaim the streets" anti-globalisation demonstrations or pyramid schemes are less so. The British-Hungarian artist Gabor Vronk, a would-be Vronsky romancing Sami's wife, is a straw man set up to embody a predatory orientalism ("Arabs are either sensuous or violent, or both"). The novel is most alive in its more intimate exchanges, and in glimmers of a gentle and vital wisdom that outshines the satirical fireworks.,,2285452,00.html

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