The following excerpt taken
from: Naqd Al-Qawmiyat-ul-'Arabiyah (A Criticism of Arab Nationalism), (Pgs.
Indeed, Islam has forbidden the calls of the Days of Ignorance (jahiliyah). There are many textual evidences that forbid all of the characteristics and deeds of these times of Ignorance, except for those (good) practices, which Islam has condoned. And from that which there is no doubt of, is that the call to Nationalism is indeed one of these calls of Jahiliyah. This is because nationalism is a call to something other than Islam and a support for something other than the truth. And how many crimes, evils and severe wars has such calls of Jahiliyah brought about upon the people, causing great harm to their souls, their wealth and their possessions. The consequences of such calls was a break in their (Muslim) unity, a harvesting of enmity and hatred for one another, in their hearts, and a splitting between them into tribes and nations!
Ibn Taymiyah (radya Allahu anhu) said: "Everything that is foreign to the call of Islam and the Qur'an, with regards to lineage, land, nationality, schools of thoughts and methodologies, then that is from the calls of the Days of Ignorance (jahiliyah). Once the Muhajireen and the Ansar argued, such that one of the Muhajireen said: 'O Muhajireen!' (meaning, come to assist me) And one of the Ansar said: 'O Ansar!' Upon hearing this, the Prophet (salla Allahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said: 'Is it with the calls of Jahiliyah that you cry out, while l am still amongst you?!' [Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (8/137)] And he became very angry at that."[Majmoo'-ul-Fatawa (3/456)]
From the textual evidences concerning this issue, is Allaah the Most High's saying:
"When those who disbelieved placed in their hearts, pride and arrogance - the pride and arrogance of the Times of Ignorance (Jahiliyah), then Allah sent down His tranquillity upon His Messenger and upon the believers." [Surat-ul-Fath (48): 26]
The Prophet (salla Allahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:
"Whosoever leaves off obedience and separates from the Jama'ah and then dies, he dies a death of (one in) the Days of Ignorance (Jahiliyah). Whosoever fights under the banner of the blind, becoming angry for partisanship ('asabiyah), calling towards it, or supporting it and then dies, he dies a death of (one in) the Days of Ignorance (Jahiliyah)." [Reported by Muslim in his Saheeh (6/21), from Abu Hurayrah]
In Saheeh Muslim (8/120) the Prophet (salla Allahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:
"lndeed, Allah has revealed to me that you should have humbleness. And that no one should act proudly and oppressively over anyone else, nor should one boast over anyone else."
Thus, there is no doubt that calling to nationalism is calling to partisanship ('asabiyah)! And it is a call towards becoming angry for the sake of this partisan group, and fighting for it. Also, there is no doubt that calling towards nationalism is a call towards transgression, pride and arrogance. This is since nationalism is not a way of life that was divinely revealed, which would prevent its people from oppression and prideful boasting. On the contrary, it is an ideology from the Days of (pre-Islamic) Ignorance, which leads its adherents to bragging about their group and having fanaticism for it, even if they are oppressors and the others are the oppressed. So O noble reader, consider this well, and the truth will be made clear to you!
Another evidence related to this, is what has been reported by At-Tirmidhee that the Messenger of Allah (salla Allahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:
"Let the people stop boasting about their forefathers that have passed away - who are merely fuel for the Hellfire - or they will surely become more insignificant to Allah than the beetle that rubs faeces on its nose. Allah has removed from you the party spirit of the Days of Ignorance and the bragging about one's forefathers. Indeed, a person is either a pious believer or a wretched sinner. All of mankind are the children of Adam, and Adam was created from dirt." [Hasan - Reported by Abu Dawood (no.5116) and At-Tirmidhee (no.4233) from Abu Hurayrah and authenticated by Ibn Taymiyah in Al-lqtida (p.35)]
And the Prophet (salla Allahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:
"Indeed there is no excellence that an Arab possesses over a non-Arab, or a non-Arab over an Arab. Nor is there (an excellence) of a white man over a black man, or a black man over a white man, except by taqwa (submissive obedience to Allah)." [Saheeh - Reported by Ahmad (5/411) and authenticated by Ibn Taymiyah in Al-lqtida (p.69)]
This is in accordance with Allah the Most High's saying:
"O mankind! Truly, We have created you from male and female and have made you into nations and tribes, so that you may know one another. Indeed the most noblest amongst you, in the sight of Allah, is he who has the most taqwa." [Surat-ul-Hujuraat (49): 13]
So Allah, the One free from all defects, has made it clear in this noble verse that people have been made into nations and tribes so that they may come to know one other, not so that they could brag and be proud over one another. And Allah, the Most High, considers the most noblest amongst them to be the one who has the most piety and taqwa. Similarly, the hadeeth mentioned before it contains the same meaning, and it guides to the fact that it is from the customs of the Days of Ignorance (Jahiliyah) to proudly boast and brag and to have false pride for one's forefathers and ancestors. This is what the calls of Ignorance lead to, whereas Islam is in opposition to all this. Rather, Islam calls to being modest, humble, and righteous and having love for the sake of Allah.
It also indicates that the true and sincere Muslims are only one of the branches of the children of Adam, and that the Muslims are a single body and a single structure; each part supporting the other and each part feeling the pain that the other parts are suffering. This is as occurs in an authentic hadeeth where the Prophet (salla Allahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:
"A believer (in regards to) to another believer is like a solid building, one part supports the other." - and then he interlaced his fingers to demonstrate this. [Al-Bukhari (no.481) and Muslim (no.2585) from hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah]
The Prophet (salla Allaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) also said:
"The example of the believers in their mutual love and mercy for one another is like the example of a body, if one part of the body feels pain, then all the body suffers in sleeplessness and fever." [Al-Bukhari (no.6011) and Muslim (no.2586) from hadeeth of An-Nu'man Ibn Basheer]
O people, I call to you in the name of Alaah. Does your nationalism direct you to these noble manners of mercy and kindness for the Muslims - both Arabs and non-Arabs - and of having mutual sympathy and concern for them, and feeling pain when they experience pain? No, by Allah. Rather, it directs you to having devotion to those with evil manners and it calls you to breeding animosity and hatred for those who reject this false belief of nationalism. So beware, O Muslim who desires safety and salvation, and consider the reality of this matter with fair consideration, without being prejudiced by party spirit and desires. Only then you will see the reality as it truly is. So may Allah guide me and you to the means of safety and salvation.
And it is reported by Imam Al-Bukhari in his Saheeh (8/137), that a young man from the Muhajireen and a young man from the Ansar once argued, so the Muhajir said: "O Muhajireen! (meaning, come help me)", whereas the Ansaree said: "O Ansar!" When the Prophet (salla Allaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) heard this, he said: "Is it with the calls of Jahiliyah that you cry out, while I am still amongst you?"
The terms Muhajieen and Ansar are ascriptions that Allah, the One free from all defects, loves. And He has praised these two groups very highly, in His saying:
"And the first to embrace Islam from the Muhajireen and the Ansar, and those who followed them in righteousness, belief and actions. Allah is well pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens of Paradise, beneath which rivers flow, to live therein forever. That is the supreme achievement." [Surat-ut-Tawbah (9): 100]
However, in the above incident, this ascription to the Muhajireen and seeking help from them, and ascription to the Ansar and seeking help from them, was considered to be from the calls of Ignorance (Jahiliyah)! So what about those who adhere to nationalism and look for support from that and become angry for the sake of it? Is it not more befitting that this be considered one of the calls of Ignorance? This is a matter about which there is no doubt, and indeed it is one of the clearest of all matters.
And it has been established in the authentic hadeeth of Al-Harith Al-Ash'aree, that the Prophet (salla Allaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:
"I command you with five things that Allah commanded me with: (Sticking to) the Jama'ah, hearing, obeying, Hijrah (migration) and Jihad in the Way of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic. So whosoever separates from the Jama'ah by a hand span, he throws the yoke of Islam from his neck, unless he repents. And whosoever calls with the call of the Days of Ignorance (Jahiliyah), then he is from the hoarded heap of the Hellfire." It was said: "Even if he fasts and prays?" So he (salla Allaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said: "Even if he fasts and prays. So call (one another) with the call of Allah that Allah gave: 'the Muslims', 'the Believers', 'Slaves of Allah.'" [Saheeh - Reported by At-Tirmidhee (no.2863), At-Tilyalase (no.1161) and others. Shaikh Al-Albanee authenticated it in his checking of Ibn Abee 'Asim's As-Sunnah (no.1036)]
This hadeeth is absolutely clear with regards to debasing the call to nationalism. Those who call towards it deserve to be amongst the hoarded heap of the Hellfire, even if they fast and pray and claim they are Muslims! So look at what a harsh threat and severe warning is being given here. It is warning every Muslim from the calls of the Days of Ignorance and from embarking on it, even though such calls may be beautified with false speech and enchanting words. Rather, Nationalism is a deception and a form of blind following which leads its adherents to the worst and most detestable of consequences! And we ask Allah to free us and save us from that!
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