Muslims have always had a special interest in astronomy. The moon and the sun
are of vital importance in the daily life of every Muslim. By the moon, Muslims
determine the beginning and the end of the months in their lunar calendar. By
the sun the Muslims calculate the times for prayer and fasting. It is also by
means of astronomy that Muslims can determine the precise direction of the
Qiblah, to face the Ka'bah in Makkah, during prayer. The most precise solar
calendar, superior to the Julian, is the Jilali, devised under the supervision
of Umar Khayyam.
The Quran contains many references to astronomy.
"The heavens and the earth were ordered rightly, and were made
subservient to man, including the sun, the moon, the stars, and day and night.
Every heavenly body moves in an orbit assigned to it by God and never
digresses, making the universe an orderly cosmos whose life and existence,
diminution and expansion, are totally determined by the Creator."[Holy
These references, and the injunctions to learn, inspired the early Muslim
scholars to study the heavens. They integrated the earlier works of the
Indians, Persians and Greeks into a new synthesis.
Ptolemy's Almagest (the title as we know it today is actually Arabic) was
translated, studied and criticized. Many new stars were discovered, as we see
in their Arabic names - Algol, Deneb, Betelgeuse, Rigel, Aldebaran.
Astronomical tables were compiled, among them the Toledan tables, which were
used by Copernicus, Tycho Brahe and Kepler.
Also compiled were almanacs - another Arabic term. Other terms from Arabic are
zenith, nadir, Aledo, azimuth.
Muslim astronomers were the first to establish observatories, like the one
built at Mugharah by Hulagu, the son of Genghis Khan, in Persia, and they
invented instruments such as the quadrant and astrolabe, which led to advances
not only in astronomy but in oceanic navigation, contributing to the European
age of exploration.
Muslim scholars paid great attention to geography. In fact, the Muslims' great
concern for geography originated with their religion.
The Quran encourages people to travel throughout the earth to see God's signs
and patterns everywhere. Islam also requires each Muslim to have at least
enough knowledge of geography to know the direction of the Qiblah (the position
of the Ka'bah in Makkah) in order to pray five times a day.
Muslims were also used to taking long journeys to conduct trade as well as to
make the Hajj and spread their religion. The far-flung Islamic empire enabled
scholar-explorers to compile large amounts of geographical and climatic
information from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Among the most famous names in the field of geography, even in the West, are
Ibn Khaldun and Ibn Batuta, renowned for their written accounts of their
In 1166, Al-Idrisi, the well-known Muslim scholar who served the Sicilian
court, produced very accurate maps, including a world map with all the
continents and their mountains, rivers and famous cities. Al-Muqdishi was the
first geographer to produce accurate maps in color.
Spain was ruled by Muslims under the banner of Islam for over 700 years. By the
15th century of the Gregorian calendar the ruler-ship of Islam had been seated
in Spain and Muslims had established centers of learning which commanded
respect all over the known world at that time. There were no "Dark
Ages" such the rest of Europe experienced for the Muslims in Spain and
those who lived there with them. In January of 1492 Muslim Spain capitulated to
Catholic Rome under King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. By July of the same
year, Muslims were instrumental in helping navigate Christopher Columbus to the
Caribbean South of Florida.
It was, moreover, with the help of Muslim navigators and their inventions that
Magellan was able to traverse the Cape of Good Hope, and Da Gamma and Columbus
had Muslim navigators on board their ships.
Seeking knowledge is obligatory in Islam for every Muslim, man and woman. The
main sources of Islam, the Quran and the Sunnah (Prophet Muhammad's
traditions), encourage Muslims to seek knowledge and be scholars, since this is
the best way for people to know Allah (God), to appreciate His wondrous
creations and be thankful for them.
Muslims have always been eager to seek knowledge, both religious and secular,
and within a few years of Muhammad's mission, a great civilization sprang up
and flourished. The outcome is shown in the spread of Islamic universities;
Al-Zaytunah in Tunis, and Al-Azhar in Cairo go back more than 1,000 years and
are the oldest existing universities in the world. Indeed, they were the models
for the first European universities, such as Bologna, Heidelberg, and the
Sorbonne. Even the familiar academic cap and gown originated at Al-Azhar
Muslims made great advances in many different fields, such as geography,
physics, chemistry, mathematics, medicine, pharmacology, architecture,
linguistics and astronomy. Algebra and the Arabic numerals were introduced to
the world by Muslim scholars. The astrolabe, the quadrant, and other
navigational devices and maps were developed by Muslim scholars and played an
important role in world progress, most notably in Europe's age of exploration.
Muslim scholars studied the ancient civilizations from Greece and Rome to China
and India. The works of Aristotle, Ptolemy, Euclid and others were translated
into Arabic. Muslim scholars and scientists then added their own creative
ideas, discoveries and inventions, and finally transmitted this new knowledge
to Europe, leading directly to the Renaissance. Many scientific and medical treatises,
having been translated into Latin, were standard text and reference books as
late as the 17th and 18th centuries.
Muslim mathematicians excelled in geometry, as can be seen in their graphic
arts, and it was the great Al-Biruni (who excelled also in the fields of
natural history, even geology and mineralogy) who established trigonometry as a
distinct branch of mathematics. Other Muslim mathematicians made significant
progress in number theory.
It is interesting to note that Islam so strongly urges mankind to study and
explore the universe. For example, the Holy Quran states:
"We (Allah) will show you (mankind) Our signs/patterns in the
horizons/universe and in yourselves until you are convinced that the revelation
is the truth."[Holy Quran 41:53]
This invitation to explore and search made Muslims interested in astronomy,
mathematics, chemistry, and the other sciences, and they had a very clear and
firm understanding of the correspondences among geometry, mathematics, and
The Muslims invented the symbol for zero (The word "cipher" comes
from Arabic sifr), and they organized the numbers into the decimal system -
base 10. Additionally, they invented the symbol to express an unknown quantity,
i.e. variables like x.
The first great Muslim mathematician, Al-Khawarizmi, invented the subject of
algebra (al-Jabr), which was further developed by others, most notably Umar
Khayyam. Al-Khawarizmi's work, in Latin translation, brought the Arabic
numerals along with the mathematics to Europe, through Spain. The word
"algorithm" is derived from his name.
In Islam, the human body is a source of appreciation, as it is created by
Almighty Allah (God). How it functions, how to keep it clean and safe, how to
prevent diseases from attacking it or cure those diseases, have been important
issues for Muslims.
Ibn Sina (d. 1037), better known to the West as Avicenna, was perhaps the
greatest physician until the modern era. His famous book, Al-Qanun fi al-Tibb,
remained a standard textbook even in Europe, for over 700 years. Ibn Sina's
work is still studied and built upon in the East.
Prophet Muhammad himself urged people to "take medicines for your
diseases", as people at that time were reluctant to do so. He also said,
"God created no illness, except that He has established for it a cure,
except for old age. When the antidote is applied, the patient will recover with
the permission of God."
Since the religion did not forbid it, Muslim scholars used human cadavers to
study anatomy and physiology and to help their students understand how the body
functions. This empirical study enabled surgery to develop very quickly.
Al-Razi, known in the West as Rhazes, the famous physician and
scientist, (d. 932) was one of the greatest physicians in the world in the
Middle Ages. He stressed empirical observation and clinical medicine and was
unrivalled as a diagnostician. He also wrote a treatise on hygiene in
hospitals. Kahaf Abul-Qasim Al-Sahabi was a very famous surgeon in the eleventh
century, known in Europe for his work, Concessio (Kitab al-Tasrif).
Other significant contributions were made in pharmacology, such as Ibn Sina's
Kitab al-Shifa' (Book of Healing), and in public health. Every major city in
the Islamic world had a number of excellent hospitals, some of them teaching
hospitals, and many of them were specialized for particular diseases, including
mental and emotional. The Ottomans were particularly noted for their building
of hospitals and for the high level of hygiene practiced in them.
in Astronomy, geology, humanity, mathematics, medicine by Islamic Students of Bhuvanagiri | 0 comments
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splits the seed and kernel. He brings forth the living from the dead, and
produces the dead out of the living. That is Allah, so how are you misguided?
The terms "seed" (al-habb) and "kernel" (an-nawa) in the
above verse may indicate the splitting of the atom. Indeed, the dictionary
meanings of an-nawa include "nucleus, centre, atomic nucleus." Furthermore,
the description of bringing forth the living from the dead can be interpreted
as Allah creating matter from dead energy. Producing the dead out of the living
may refer to energy (dead) emerging from matter (living), since the atom is in
motion. (Allah knows best.) That is because as well as "living,"
al-hayy can also mean "active, energetic." With its meaning of
"non-living," al-mayyit, translated above as "dead," may
very probably refer to energy.
Scientists define energy as the capacity for doing work. Matter, the material
that comprises all things on Earth and in the universe, consists of atoms and
molecules that can be seen to be in motion under an electron microscope. In the
early twentieth century, Albert Einstein (d. 1955) theorised that matter could
be converted into energy, suggesting that the two were inter-related at the
atomic level.REF This may be the bringing forth of the dead from the living, as
described above, or, in other words, obtaining energy from matter, which is in
motion at the atomic level. In addition, yukhriju, translated as "bringing
forth," also means "bringing out, emitting" (as in the case of
electrical waves). Therefore, the terms in this verse may be indicating the
form of energy obtained from the atom. (Allah knows best.)
Today, atomic nucleus can be split into smaller nuclei by means of nuclear
Scientists can now split the atom by dividing its nucleus. Taking Einstein's
theories as their starting point, they obtained energy from matter in the 1940s
by means of nuclear fission, the process of splitting the atomic nucleus. The
verb faliqu in Surat al-An`am 95, translated as "to split," may be a
reference to fission's dictionary meaning: the process of splitting (the atom's
nucleus). When this process takes place, enormous amounts of energy are released.
The words in Surat al-An`am 95 are very wise in terms of their meanings. The
phenomena described in this verse bear a very close resemblance to the
splitting of the atom's nucleus in order to obtain atomic energy. The verse may
therefore be a reference to nuclear fission, which was only made possible by
twentieth-century technology. (Allah knows best.)
REF. “Energy and Matter,” Fundamentals of Physical Geography,
in Atom subject mentioned in the quran by Islamic
Students of Bhuvanagiri | 0 comments
July 9, 2008
when they reached the Valley of the Ants, an ant said: "Ants! Enter your
dwellings, so that Sulayman and his troops do not crush you unwittingly."
The "Valley of the Ants" refers to a special place and special ants.
In addition, the fact that Prophet Sulayman (as) could hear the ants talking
among themselves may contain striking references to future developments in
computer technology. The present-day term "Silicon Valley" refers to
the centre of the world of technology. It is most significant that a "valley
of the ants" appears in the account of Prophet Sulayman's (as) life. Allah
may be drawing our attention to the advanced technology of the future.
Furthermore, ants and other insect species are widely used in advanced
technology as models in robot projects and are intended to serve in a wide
range of areas, from the defence industry to technology. The verse may also be
referring to these developments.
Latest Developments in Miniature Technology: Army-Ant Robots
The best known project using ants as a model are the "Army-Ant Robot"
projects being carried out independently in several countries. One study being
carried out by the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and Virginia State University
seeks to develop small, inexpensive, and simple physically identical robots
that can be used as a robot army. Project officials explain these robots'
functionality in the following terms: "The way they behave as a group, in
a coordinated manner, perform a series of physical actions, and take joint
decisions." These robot armies' mechanical and electrical designs have
been based on the behaviour of an ant community. They are called the
"army-ant" robots because of their similarities to their insect
The "army-ant" robot system was originally designed as a
"material-carrying system." According to this scenario, several small
robots would be charged with jointly lifting and carrying objects. It was later
decided that they could be used for other tasks. One report describes other
tasks to which they might be assigned in the future:
Nuclear and hazardous waste cleanup with robotic "swarms," mining
(including material removal and search-and-rescue), mine sweeping (both land
and water), surveillance and sentry, planetary surface exploration and
In a report by Israel A. Wagner, an expert on ant robot technology, the ant
robot projects were described in these terms:
Ant-robots are simple physical or virtual creatures designed to cooperate in
order to achieve a common goal. They are assumed to have very limited resources
of energy, sensing and computing, and to communicate via traces left in the
workspace or on the ground, like many insects naturally do…
The distribution of work among multiple a(ge)nts can be made by either a
central controller who sends orders to the agents, or by an a-priori agreement
on a certain partitioning that, if obeyed by the agents, eventually leads to a
completion of the given mission. A third way, used throughout the current work,
is to design the behavior of individuals such that cooperation will naturally
emerge in the course of their work, without making a-priori decisions on the
structure of the cooperation. The specific application that we address is
covering, which is also known as exploring or searching. This variety of names
hints to the many applications this problem might have: from cleaning the floor
of a house to mapping an unknown planet or demining a mine field.198
As can be seen in these examples, an ant's social lifestyle forms the basis of
many projects, and the various ant-based robot technologies are providing
benefits for human beings. That is why it is so important that ants and their
valley are referred to in the Qur'anic account of Prophet Sulayman's (as) life.
The term "ants" in the verse may refer to an army consisting of
robots, future developments in robot technology, and how robots will play an
important role in human life. For example, they may perform many arduous tasks
and thus make people's lives more comfortable. (Allah knows best.)
197. John S. Bay, “Design of the ‘Army Ant’ Cooperative Lifting Robot,”
198. Israel A. Wagner, “My Travels With my A(u)nts: Distributed Ant Robotics,”
in Ant's characteristics mentioned in the Quran by
Islamic Students of Bhuvanagiri |
divided them up into twelve tribes-communities. We revealed to Musa, when his
people asked him for water: "Strike the rock with your staff." Twelve
fountains flowed out from it, and all the people knew their drinking place. And
We shaded them with clouds and sent down manna and quails to them: "Eat of
the good things We have provided for you." They did not wrong Us; rather,
they wronged themselves. (Qur'an, 7:160)
A closed artesian aquifer is confined by an overlying impermeable body of
rock, which prevents any water from filtering down into the aquifer. Instead,
water enters the tilted aquifer layer through a recharge area, where the
aquifer rock is exposed at higher elevations. The flow in an artesian aquifer
resembles water flowing through a J-shaped tube. Water added on the tube’s long
side provides enough pressure to drive the water upward on the tube’s shorter
The above verse describes how Prophet Musa's (as) people asked him for water
and how he provided places where each tribe could drink. Clearly, his people
were suffering from a shortage of water. Such shortages still exist, for more
than 1 billion people today lack access to clean water, and 2.4 billion still
live without improved sanitation. According to projected estimates, by 2025
about 5 billion people will not have access to sufficient amounts of water.190
Every year, some 12 million people die from water scarcity; 3 million of whom
are children who die from waterborne diseases.191
Today, 31 countries, comprising 8 percent of the world's population, face
chronic freshwater shortages. By 2025, this number is expected to rise to 48
countries.192 According to UN predictions, renewable freshwater will become an
even more limited resource by 2025, and the number of 131 million people
experiencing water problems will rise to either 817 million (according to low
population growth projections) or 1.079 billion (according to high population
Groundwater, the largest source of fresh water on Earth, represents more than
90 percent of the readily available freshwater reserves194 and is therefore of
vital importance to meeting the water needs of up to 2 billion people.195 It
constitutes the primary source of water for up to 50 percent of the American
population, a figure that rises to 95 percent in rural areas.196 Groundwater is
also the safest and most reliable source of fresh water. At the same time, this
water can be used to produce geothermal energy and save energy by using heat
When the water sucked up from the soil meets an impermeable underground layer,
it collects there and forms a water source. This water is then brought to the
surface by the artesian method. Artesian springs are formed by sedimentary
rocks that can store underground water.
The fact that artesian wells are drilled in rocky areas runs parallel to the
description in the Qur'an. Given that Allah commanded Prophet Musa (as) to
strike the rock, Surat al-A`raf 160 may be indicating this method. (Allah knows
best.) The verb idrib, translated as "strike," can also mean "to
raise, to open." Thus, this verse may be describing a water source being
opened by the raising of the rock. As a result, pressurized water may have
emerged, as described in the verb inbajasat (to pour out, flow freely, bubble
up, flow), just as happens with artesian wells. If sufficient pressure forms,
water can continue to flow to the surface without the need for a pump.
Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth and sends down water
from the sky and by it brings forth fruits as provision for you… (Qur’an,
It is particularly striking that current solutions for dealing with water
scarcity use underground water resources. In fact, one of the most effective
methods of doing so is the artesian well. In other words, we might be copying Prophet
Musa's (as) example of striking or lifting the rock without even knowing it.
Surat al-A`raf 160 may therefore be a reference to artesian wells, the first of
which was opened in 1126 in the French region of Artois. (Allah knows best.)
190. “Climate Change Adding Stress to Scarce Water Resources,” DevNews Media
Center, 5 June 2003,
191. “Water—The Essence of Life,” DevNews Media Center, 17 May 2002,
192. “Solutions for a Water-Short World,”
193. “Water-Scarce Countries,” excerpted from Sustaining Water: Population and
the Future of Renewable Water Supplies,
194. “Creation of an International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre
an information note,” IAH (International Association of Hydrogeologists) News
and Information Online, www.iah.org/articles/mar2000/art002.htm.
196. “The Importance of Groundwater,” http://pasture.ecn.purdue.edu/~agenhtml/agen521/epadir/grndwtr/importance.html.
in Musa (as) with stick mentioned in the Quran by
Islamic Students of Bhuvanagiri |
We made a fount of molten copper flow out for him. (Qur'an, 34:12)
One of Allah's great blessings to Prophet Sulayman (as) was "a fount of
molten copper." This can be understood in several senses. By the use of
melted copper, it may be referring to the existence, at his time, of an
advanced technology that employed electricity. We know that copper is one of
the best metals for conducting electricity and heat, and thus constitutes the
basis of the electrical industry, which uses much of the copper produced in the
world. The expression "flow out" may indicate that electricity can be
used in many fields. (Allah knows best.)
in Scientific proof82 by Islamic Students of
[Yusuf] said: "No blame at all will fall on you. Today you have
forgiveness from Allah. He is the Most Merciful of the merciful. Go with this
shirt of mine and cast it on my father's face, and he will see again. Then come
to me with all your families." And when the caravan went on its way, their
father said: "I can smell Yusuf's scent! You probably think I have become
senile." (Qur'an, 12:92-94)
Today, scientists state that teleporting atoms and scent molecules may be
possible in the near future. In Surah Yusuf 94, Prophet Yusuf's (as) father
says that he can smell his son's scent. Scientists also say that it will soon
be possible to send scents in the same way as pictures and three-dimensional
images are sent. Therefore, this verse might be a sign of an advanced
technology developing from the current research into transmitting scent.
Like our other sense perceptions, smell forms in the brain. For example, a
lemon peel's molecules stimulate the nose's scent receptors, which then
transmit them in the form of electrical signals to the brain for analysis.
Therefore, when the scent's signal is artificially formed in another form, the
scent can be perceived in the same form. Indeed, the "electronic
nose" is one of the research areas showing that this may well be possible
in the near future.
A human being's scent perception system makes it possible for a trained nose to
name and distinguish some 10,000 odours. Professionals in the perfumery
business who have received special chemical training are able to sniff a scent
that contains 100 different odorants and then list the ingredients.188 This
superior creation in the human nose has encouraged many scientists to design
similar equipment. Efforts are underway in various research and development
centres to replicate this human scent perception system. The models developed
on this basis are termed "the electronic nose."
The human nose's receptors are composed of proteins; those in its electronic
counterpart are composed of a series of chemical receptors. Each receptor is
designed to detect different odours; the more their distinguishing capacities
are enhanced, the more difficult production becomes and the greater the cost.
The signals collected by the sensors are turned into binary codes, by means of
electronic systems, and then sent to a computer. The electronic systems can be
thought of as imitating the nerve cells responsible for scent detection, and
the computer as the brain. The computer is programmed to analyse the data and
thus interprets the binary code signals.
Electronic noses are currently being used in the food, perfumery, and chemical
industries, as well as in medicine. Universities and international
organizations are also providing major support for such projects. Nevertheless,
as stated by Julian W. Gardner of the University of Warwick, researchers are
still in the early stages of this technology.189
188. Elise Hancock, "A Primer on Smell," Johns Hopkins Magazine,
189. Mia Schmiedeskamp, "Plenty To Sniff At," Scientific American,
March 2001, www.sciam.com/2001/0301issue/0301techbus1.html.
in Quranic science by Islamic Students of
July 8, 2008
who possessed knowledge of the Book said: "I will bring it [the Queen of
Saba's throne] to you before your glance returns to you." And when he
[Sulayman] saw it standing firmly in his presence, he said: "This is part
of my Lord's favour, to test me to see if I will give thanks or show
ingratitude." (Qur'an, 27:40)
[He is] the Originator of the heavens and earth. When He decides on
He just says to it, “Be!” and it is.
"He who possessed knowledge of the Book" told Prophet Sulayman (as)
that he could bring the Queen of Saba's throne to him very quickly. This is a
possible reference to the transmission of images with present-day advanced
technology. Another verse on the subject reads:
A demon of the jinn said: "I will bring it to you before you get
up from your seat. I am strong and trustworthy enough to do it." (Qur'an,
In our day, text, pictures, and films can be sent anywhere in the world in a matter
of seconds, thanks to the Internet and advances in computer technology. For
instance, carrying the Queen's throne to Prophet Sulayman's (as) court very
quickly may well refer to the fact that it will be possible to send a
three-dimensional picture or image in the blink of an eye over the Internet.
According to scientists, the teleportation of atoms and molecules, as well as
larger bodies, may become possible in the near future. By this method, the
item's material characteristics are removed from one location and transferred
in every detail and atomic sequence to another location, where they are
reconstructed. If this technology becomes operational one day, time and space
will no longer represent an obstacle to travel and objects will be able to be transported
anywhere in a single moment without traversing any physical distance.184
In 1998, physicists at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) working
with two European groups transported a photon. The scientists formed a copy of
the photon by reading its atomic structure and then transmitted that
information a distance of 1 metre. In another recent teleportation experiment,
Ping Koy Lam of the Australian National University (ANU) and other researchers
transmitted a laser ray a short distance.185
Indeed, according to a CNN report on 17 July 2002, a group of physicists from
the National Australian University in Canberra split a laser ray and
"transmitted" it several metres. Ping Koy Lam, the team's head,
stated that they had not yet succeeded in transmitting matter in its atomic
state, but that such a thing was not impossible and may become a reality in the
According to a study published in the science journal Nature, Eugene Polzik of
Denmark's University of Aarhus, and his colleagues performed successful
experiments on a large number of atoms, using laser rays and quantum
physics.186 In his analyses of teleportation's potential, published in the
journal Scientific American, Australian physicist Anton Zeilinger states that
far more complex systems could be teleported without violating the laws of
As the Qur'an reveals in "We will show them Our Signs on the horizon and
within themselves until it is clear to them that it is the truth" (Qur'an,
41:53), these scientific advances may represent a part of the technologies
indicated in the Qur'an, all of which reveal its miraculous aspects.
184. Anil Ananthaswamy, "Teleporting larger objects becomes real
possibility," New Scientist, 6 February 2002.
185. Dr. David Whitehouse, BBC News Online, 17 June 2002.
186. Atom Experiment Brings Teleportation a Step Closer," Reuters, 26
187. James Schultz, “Teleporting, the Quantum Way,” Space News, 12 October
Posted in Predictions in the Quran by Islamic Students of
to Sulayman We gave the fiercely blowing wind, speeding at his command toward
the land that We had blessed. And We had full knowledge of everything. (Qur'an,
As the above verse relates, Allah placed the wind under Prophet Sulayman's (as)
command and allowed him to use it as a vehicle. There is a strong possibility
of an indication here that, as in Prophet Sulayman's (as) time, wind energy
will also be used in the technology of the future.
And We gave Sulayman power over the wind-a month's journey in the
morning and a month in the afternoon... (Qur'an, 34:12)
The expression "a month's journey in the morning and a month in the
afternoon" may be drawing attention to the fact that Prophet Sulayman (as)
moved rapidly between different regions perhaps by using a technology similar
to an airplane, or developed wind-powered vehicles that could cover long
distances quickly. (Allah knows best.) There is thus a strong possibility that
these verses point to modern airplane technology.
in Sulaiman (as) mentioned in the Quran by Islamic
Students of Bhuvanagiri |
And horses, mules, and donkeys both to ride and for adornment. And He
creates other things you do not know. (Qur'an, 16:8)
The above verse indicates that in addition to the animals mentioned here,
people will have various unknown (to them) means of transport. The following
verse points to the fact that there will be such mass modes of transport as
A Sign for them is that We carried their families in the laden ship.
And We have created for them the like of it, in which they sail. (Qur'an, 36:41-42)
in Modern transport mentioned in the Quran by
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And [I swear by] the moon when it is full, you will mount up stage by
stage! What is the matter with them, that they have no faith? (Qur'an,
After referring to the Moon, the above verses then say that people will mount
up stage by stage. The term tarkabunna comes from the verb rakiba, (to mount,
walk on a path, follow, embark upon, set about, participate, or rule). In the
light of these meanings, it is very likely that the expression "you will
mount up stage by stage" refers to a vehicle to be boarded.
Indeed, the astronauts' spacecraft pass through each layer of the atmosphere
one by one, and then begin to pass through the Moon's gravitational field.
Thus, the Moon is reached by moving through individual layers. In addition, the
swearing by the Moon in Surat al-Inshiqaq 18 further strengthens this emphasis,
meaning that the verse may well be a sign that humanity will travel to the
Moon. (Allah knows best.)
Posted in Moon in Islam by Islamic Students of Bhuvanagiri
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