Care in Building
Characteristics of the Believers
Shaykh Ahmed Fareed
From the morals and manners of
the Salaf was that they would constantly search their souls to breed in them
the characteristics of the believers, and to discard the characteristics of the
hypocrites. One is the opposite of the other. A summary of the believers
characteristics is mentioned in His great Book saying, "Those who turn (to
Allaah) in repentance; that serve Him, and praise Him; that wander in devotion
to the cause of Allaah; that bow down and prostrate themselves (in prayer);
that enjoin good and forbid evil; and observe the limits set by Allaah - so
proclaim the glad tidings to the believers." [9:112] Also, the believers
will be successful. Those who humble themselves in their prayers; who avoid
vain talk; who are active in deeds of charity, who abstain from sex except with
those joined to them in marriage or (the captives) whom their right hands
possess, for (in their case) they are free from blame. But those whose desires
exceed those limits are transgressors. Those who faithfully observe their
trusts and their covenants; who (strictly) guard their prayers: these will be
the heirs who will inherit Paradise, to dwell therein." [23:1-11]
In the hadeeth, "None of
you truly believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for
himself." [al-Bukhaari and others...Al-Hafidh said in
"Fathul-Bari": The fact that negating complete imaan and negating the
name of a thing meaning negating completeness and perfection is derived from
the Arabic language as is said, "Such and such is inhuman".]
"By Allaah! He does not
believe. By Allaah! He does not believe. By Allaah! He does not believe."
He was asked, "Who, O Messenger of Allah?" He, sallallahu `alaihi wa
sallam, said: "Whoever does not safeguard his neighbour from his
harms." [al-Bukhaari and Muslim. Muslim's version reads: He will not enter
Paradise if he does not spare his neighbour from his harms.]
Yahya ibn Muadh (rahimahullah)
gathered the characteristics of the believers in one of his essays as follows,
"It is to be full of modesty, and to be harmless too. To be full of goodness
and not to be corrupt. For the tongue to be truthful, for the words to be
little and to be plentiful in good action. To have little slip-ups and not to
be excessive. To be good to one's relatives, building closeness between them.
To be dignified and grateful. To be full of contentment if Allaah restricted
some provision. To be forbearing and friendly to his brothers. To be
compassionate and chaste. Not to curse, swear, insult, backbite, nor to gossip.
Not to be hasty, envious, hateful, arrogant nor vain. Not to lean towards
worldliness, nor to extend long hopes and wishes. Not to sleep too much nor to
be absent-minded, nor to show-off nor be hypocritical. Not to be selfish, but
to be soft and cheerful, not servile. Loving for the sake of Allaah, being pleased
for His sake and being angry only for His sake. His provision is taqwaa
(reverential fear of Allaah). His worries are what will happen to him in the
Afterlife. His friends remind him. His beloved is His Protector and Master. His
struggle is for the Afterlife."
Fudayl ibn `Iyad (rahimahullah)
said, "A believer plants a palm tree and fears that thorns will grow. The
hypocrites plant thorns expecting ripe dates to grow!"
O brother! Realise these facts
and search yourself carefully before your death. Weep over your soul if you
find in it the morals of the hypocrites. Increase in seeking His forgiveness.
All praise be to Allaah Lord of the worlds.
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